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Your Position: > Knowledge >> Solar inverter >>> Inverter Buying Guide -- 02

Inverter Buying Guide -- 02

Rajesh / 2012-09-15
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POWER INVERTER OR GENERATOR?

Whether to use an inverter or a generator depends on the type of load and how often you will need emergency AC power. Generally, an inverter is more economical power alternative to run items under 1000W, suitable for small appliances, TVs, VCRs, DVD players and other low load devices. If you plan to operate a refrigerator, freezer, washer, dryer or well system, then a generator is a better choice. If your planned power consumption exceeds 2000W, you should choose a generator, as the draw in the battery will rapidly deplete its power.

HOME APPLIANCE POWER USAGE

The typical usage of power appliances which you can use for approximate calculations is as in the table below ( do check the actual appliances wattage for caculating wattage): 

Appliance

Power (in Watts)

Starting (in Watts)

Fan 100 200
Tubelight 50 100
TV 120 240
Laptop 75 100
Washing machine - with heater 1200 2400
Washing machine - without heater 2000 3200
Air Conditioner (1.5T) 2200 4000
Air Cooler 1000 2000
Refrigerator (150W) 150 300

CHOOSING THE RIGHT INVERTER SIZE

Power inverters come in many sizes, measured in watts (W). The amount of wattage you will require depends on the total draw of the devices you'd like to use.
Many appliances and power tools have their wattage ratingindicated on the product itself. Wattage rating can also be calculated by using this formula: 

Volts x Amps = Watts 

To determine if several appliances can be operated at the same time, simply add up their wattage ratings to see if the total falls within the specifications of the power inverter. For example, if you have a two-outlet inverter and will be plugging in 2 devices at once, add up the total wattage of both devices, then add at least 50% more to account for peaks or spikes in the power draw. For example if your DVD player draws 100W and your laptop another 100W, a minimum 300W inverter ((100W + 100W) x 150% = 300W) is recommended. 
Make sure the power of the inverter is listed as "continuous". Some inverters are listed at a certain wattage, but can only draw that wattage for a short period of time (i.e.: 5 minutes) and then will shut off, reset themselves and resume functioning. These outages can be frustrating to you and harmful to the device you are powering. 
If the item is motor driven, it requires additional start-up (surge) wattage (typically 2-3 times the continuous wattage required) to start the device. For example, a saw that runs at 700W might require 1400W to start up. If your inverter only supplies 1000W, you will not be able to start it up. In this case, you would want to select an inverter rated at least 1400W surge to handle start-up needs. 

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