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Solar charger Inverter

Wellsee solar supply / 2011-02-22
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WELLSEE Solar charger Inverter is designed with a controlling system for the storage battery’ s charge and discharge, which can effectively protect the service life of storage batteries. It is an integration of a charger and an inverter, and an extra charger Inverter is not necessary.

 What is the sustained output power? What is the peak output power?

Some electrical appliances or tools which employ electric motors, such as refrigerators, washing machines, electric drills etc. need to take great strong electric current to drive at the moment they get started. However, once they have gotten stated successfully, only a little electric current is needed to maintain their normal working. Therefore, there is the concept of sustained power output and peak output power for the inverter. The sustained power output is rated output power. Generally, the peak output power is twice as much as the rated output power. It must be emphasized that some electrical appliances, such as air conditioners, refrigerators etc. can take 3-7 times as much electric current when getting started as they need in normal working. Therefore, only the inverter which can meet the starting peak power can work normally.

What is the efficiency of an inverter?

An inverter itself consumes some electric power at work; therefore, its input power is greater than output power. The efficiency of an inverter is the power ratio of input to output. For example, if an inverter is input 100W DC and outputs 90W AC, then, its efficiency is 90%.

How to choose an inverter?

It should be the lead-acid storage battery that can charge and discharge power in deep cycles to support an inverter. For the storage battery with deep-discharging function, the general unit of measurement for capacity is ampere-hour (AH) which indicates the quantity of current that the storage battery can supply in a unit of time (usually 20 hours). For example, a storage battery with a quantity of electricity of 100AH indicates that it can supply 5 amperes electricity within uninterrupted 20 hours, that is 20×5 = 100.

The storage battery is a very important component in an inverter system. The users should choose the battery of good quality and great capacity when choosing to buy storage batteries. The storage battery of great capacity can be used for a long time; meanwhile, it can provide sufficient electrical current for the instant starting of some high-power electrical appliances. For those high-power electrical appliances, it is suggested that the storage battery should be of 200AH (<1000W), and if the power is even higher, the battery of 400AH should be the best.

 How to determine the storage battery's capacity based on electrical appliances?

A simple way is to multiply the power of all electrical appliances and the battery's working time between each recharging together.

 The units for calculating the power consumption of an electrical appliance include the power rate and voltampere. There is an instance with the specific results in the following that supposes to take charging once a day:

Load

Consumed Electricity

Using Hours (Charging Time)

WH (Power×Using Hours)

TV & VCD

115W

3 Hours (1 hour a day)

345

Coffee Machine

750W

1Hour (20 minutes a day)

750

Microwave Oven

800W

0.5 Hour (10 minutes a day)

400

Total

1665W

4.5 Hours

 

1495

 

Divide WH by 10, and we will change WH into AH (at 30°C): 1495WH÷10 = 149.5AH

A 150AH storage battery can meet the needs for the load above. But in this case, the storage battery will be exhausted, and generally, 50% should be the condition of a storage battery in its ideal discharging state. Therefore, the users will need a 300AH battery for the load mentioned above. The more quantity of electricity (AH) a storage battery has, the stronger its capacity of power supply can be, and the possibility of over-discharging will be less accordingly.

 The service life of a storage battery depends on the depth of discharge, the greater the depth of discharge, the shorter the life will be. As the load is increased, the storage battery’s electricity quantity should be increased accordingly. This may require more storage batteries together for use. The method of connecting two storage batteries: Connect the batteries by cathode to cathode and anode to anode. This method will double the capacity of batteries, but the voltage is just the same as a battery. It is unadvisable to connect the storage batteries of different AH or made by different manufacturers together, because it will reduce the battery’s service life.

 

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